1.4 – The Mission (5.4.10)

JUNGLES & ZOOS [5i]

If extraterrestrial beings do exist in the Universe, where are they? That was the question posed by Enrico Fermi, one of the leading scientists in the 20th-century.

“Shortly after the Second World War, the famous physicist Enrico Fermi, who was taking part in the Manhattan Project to build the atomic bomb, was talking at Los Alamos with some friends about the reports of flying saucers, and Fermi suddenly said, in relation to extraterrestrial intelligent beings, ‘Where are they?’ And he was simply making the point that if there was a civilization that had arisen, say, 100 million years ago, then they had plenty of time to spread across the galaxy.”

Paul Davies, Ph.D. (Theoretical Physicist/Astrobiologist, ASU)

“Fermi said, ‘Gee, if there’s all of these civilizations out there and all of these planets out there, where is everybody?’

– John A. Ball, Ph.D.
(Radio Astronomer, MIT Haystack Observatory)

The Fermi Paradox, as it became known, was an attempt to explain the lack of evidence of aliens despite the mathematical probability of their existence.

“Up unto this point, to modern time, no credible scholar, no credible scientist looks at any of the evidence that Ancient Alien enthusiasts put forth and say, ‘Yes, this is evidence of Ancient Aliens.’ No credible scholar does that.”

– Robert R. Cargill (Biblical Archaeologist, UCLA)

“Moreover, the whole SETI project – the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence – it’s been going on now for nearly 50 years. The fact that we have found no radio telescope evidence of extraterrestrials plays very much into the Fermi paradox in that it further indicates: if they’re out there, why aren’t we hearing from them? And we don’t seem to be hearing from them.”

– Michael J. Crowe, Ph.D.
(Cavanaugh Prof. Emeritus, Univ. of Notre Dame)

But in the 1960s, MIT astrophysicist John Ball rebutted Fermi’s hypothesis with a controversial one of his own: the Zoo Hypothesis.

“The Zoo Hypothesis says that we are in a zoo, or a wilderness area, that they have essentially left alone and are going to leave alone to allow us to develop in our own way and at our own rate.”

– John A. Ball, Ph.D.
(Radio Astronomer, MIT Haystack Observatory)

“Extraterrestrials have detected us on Earth, but have chosen not to come here, not to invade, but rather to observe us as we observe animals in the zoo. They’ve thought, ‘We’ll do a study of these Earthlings and see what sort of people they are.’”

– Michael J. Crowe, Ph.D.
(Cavanaugh Prof. Emeritus, Univ. of Notre Dame)

“Now, why would they do this? Well, if on one hand we have nothing they want, that’s surely true. And on the other hand, we aren’t able to interfere with whatever they’re doing. That’s also surely true. They’re out there doing their own thing, and they’re not paying attention to us. And we’re not clever enough to eavesdrop on whatever they’re doing.”

– John A. Ball, Ph.D.
(Radio Astronomer, MIT Haystack Observatory)

“That’s the predicament we’re in. We have something that is looking down and monitoring us. We are on the Petri dish and we can’t get out far enough to see what’s behind those eyes behind that microscope.”

– Linda Moulton Howe
(Author / Investigative Journalist, Earthfiles)

If aliens are watching us right now, where are they? Some believe they are sitting out in space in what are called “Lagrange Points,” named after mathematician and astronomer Joseph Lagrange, who discovered them in 1772. There are five of these points between the sun, the Earth, and our moon.

“Lagrange Points are points between two bodies where the forces balance equally. Think of like, a seesaw when you have one really heavy person and one really light person. There’s a kind of balance point in there, and that’s what a Lagrange Point is.”

Sara Seager, Ph.D. (Prof. of Planetary Sciences, MIT)

“Lagrange Points is where we send some of our own satellites. And that’s a point in space where you can just sort of sit there inert for millions of years if you had to without having to worry about in course corrections. If you go anywhere else in the solar system, then in order to keep pace with Earth as it orbits the sun, you’ve got to continually change your position.”

Paul Davies, Ph.D. (Theoretical Physicist/Astrobiologist, ASU)

“So people have talked about Lagrange Points as a place where a spacecraft might hide out because you don’t have to do a lot to stay in that spot. It’s sort of equally balanced and you just get carried along.”

Sara Seager, Ph.D. (Prof. of Planetary Sciences, MIT)

“If an extraterrestrial race would have ever visited our solar system, they would have placed a probe in those specific points in order to observe us, to record us, what have you. So, I mean, this is not something that the Ancient Astronaut Theory has proposed. This is, you know, university professors, astrophysicists who have proposed this.”

– Giorgio A. Tsoukalos
(Publisher, Legendary Times Magazine)

Some argue that another reason alien beings have yet to reveal themselves is because they don’t yet consider us worthy. This forms the basis of John Ball’s Jungle Hypothesis.

“The Jungle Hypothesis just means that if you have animals, such as ants, that live in the jungle, no matter how many of them you have, their chances of ever having seen a human being are very slim. Not because we’re hiding or anything, but we just don’t have a reason to go into the jungle and step on anthills. So, the idea is that we are probably related to advanced extraterrestrial intelligence similar to an anthill might be related to humans. And the fact that we’ve never seen any extraterrestrial intelligence is just we don’t have anything they want.”

– John A. Ball, Ph.D.
(Radio Astronomer, MIT Haystack Observatory)

“We can actually shake hands with something that might have been coming and going on this planet for literally thousands, perhaps millions, of years, and has kept a distance during the last age of man for reasons unknown, and maybe is waiting for us all to finally grow up.”

– Linda Moulton Howe
(Author / Investigative Journalist, Earthfiles)

“One thing that can be said with a great deal of confidence is that, if the contact is initiated by them, they are going to be not only superior to us, but greatly superior to us. They won’t be just beginners like we are. They will be far more advanced than we are.”

– Michael J. Crowe, Ph.D.
(Cavanaugh Prof. Emeritus, Univ. of Notre Dame)

Both the Jungle and Zoo Hypotheses propose that alien beings are watching us, but are, for the time being, keeping their distance. But what if they’re not? What if the alien mission was to integrate with our society in a way that avoids detection? If so, might they be walking among us right now?

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References:

[1] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: Season 1. [DVD Back Cover]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[2] History™. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.1 – Chariots, Gods, & Beyond. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: April 20, 2010, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-1.

[3] History™. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.2 – The Evidence. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: April 20, 2010, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-1.

[4] History™. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.3 – The Visitors. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: April 27, 2010, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-1.

[5] History™. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: May 4, 2010, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-1.

[5a] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [DVD Footage: Introduction]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[5b] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [DVD Footage: Mystery Miners]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[5c] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [DVD Footage: Unnatural Formations]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[5d] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [DVD Footage: Mutants]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[5e] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [DVD Footage: Cataclysmic Change]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[5f] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [DVD Footage: Ancient Astronomy]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[5g] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [DVD Footage: Mixed Messages]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[5h] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [DVD Footage: Tools or Triggers]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[5i] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [DVD Footage: Jungles & Zoos]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[5j] Prometheus Entertainment. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.4 – The Mission. [DVD Footage: That’s No Moon]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[6] History™. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.5 – Closer Encounters. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: May 18, 2010, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-1.

[7] History™. (2010). Ancient Aliens: 1.6 – The Return. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: May 25, 2010, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-1.

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Who were they?… Why did they come?… What did they leave behind?… Where did they go?… Will they return?…

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